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By Sigmund Koch, David E. Leary

ISBN-10: 0070352496

ISBN-13: 9780070352490

This reissued variation (originally released by way of McGraw-Hill in 1985) of "A Century of Psychology as technology" assesses the accomplishments, prestige and customers of psychology on the finish of its first century as a technological know-how, whereas providing a brand new postscript. The essays mirror the forty three members' particular disciplines, but communicate to the wider thematic factor of "fundamental psychology". one of the fields addressed are sensory strategies and belief, studying, motivation, emotion, cognition, improvement, character and social psychology. This paintings experiences psychology's first century and goals to supply a clean perception on psychology because it enters its moment century.

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This, however, is quite different from a program or orientation that embraces a particular philosophy of science as a way of avoiding or denying or depreciating any class of facts inacces­ sible to a chosen method of observation. For Mach especially, any program or orientation that would thus ignore the facts of mental life-including thought, feeling, and volition-must be taken as preposterous on its face. His position on such matters was conveyed (in 1 886) by a passage in which he attempted to set limits on anthropomorphic explanations: We ask whether animals have sensations, when the assumption of sensations helps us better understand their behavior as observed by means of our own senses.

Like Alfred Russell Wallace, he will not be persuaded that "selection pressures" are behind non-Euclidean geometries and Bach's Fugues; and like Thomas Henry Huxley, he may be inclined finally to treat human ethics less as an expression and more as the adversary of evolutionary forces. It is in these same regards that the scientific status of a developed psychology cannot be sought in physiological psychology. It must be remembered that the substantial advances of the recent past in the neural sciences-some of them achieved by psychologists-leave remarkably untouched the entire problem of ex­ planation in psychology.

It presumes that knowledge is an almost automatic result of a gimmickry, an assembly line, a "methodology. " It assumes that inquiring action is so rigidly and fully regulated by rule that in its conception of inquiry it often allows the rules totally to displace their human users. Presuming as it does that knowledge is generated by processing, its conception of knowledge is fictionalistic, conven­ tionalistic. So strongly does it see knowledge under such aspects that it sometimes seems to suppose the object of inquiry to be an ungainly and annoying irrelevance.

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A Century of psychology as science by Sigmund Koch, David E. Leary

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