This quantity is a part of the Ceramic Engineering and technological know-how continuing (CESP) series. This sequence incorporates a selection of papers facing matters in either conventional ceramics (i.e., glass, whitewares, refractories, and porcelain teeth) and complex ceramics. subject matters lined within the sector of complicated ceramic contain bioceramics, nanomaterials, composites, reliable oxide gas cells, mechanical houses and structural layout, complicated ceramic coatings, ceramic armor, porous ceramics, and more.
Chapter 1 Philosophy, layout, and function of Oxy?Fuel Furnaces (pages 1–14): Marvin Gridley
Chapter 2 In?Situ trying out of Superstructure Refractories (pages 15–28): Don Shamp
Chapter three improvement and Implementation of a Three?Dimensional Combustion Code to be used in Glass Melting Furnaces (pages 29–42): okay. L. Jorgensen, S. Ramadhyani, R. Viskanta and L. W. Donaldson
Chapter four Demonstration of Cost?Effective NOx relief on a Regenerative Sideport Glass Furnace utilizing Oxygen?Enriched Air Staging (pages 43–59): P. Mohr, D. Neff, D. Rue, H. Abbasi, J. Li and S. Hope
Chapter five Pilkington 3R expertise: An replace (pages 60–65): I. N. W. Shulver and R. Quirk
Chapter 6 uncooked fabrics for basic Glass Manufacture (pages 66–75): Paul F. Guttmann
Chapter 7 uniqueness Glass uncooked fabrics: prestige and advancements (pages 76–86): Richard J. Bauer and Sandra L. Gray
Chapter eight replace at the Glass of the longer term (pages 87–94): Theodore R. Johnson
Chapter nine strength Benchmarking: a device for carrying on with strategy development for the Glass (pages 95–108): C. Philip Ross
Chapter 10 Refractory Corrosion lower than Oxy?Fuel Firing stipulations (pages 109–119): A. J. Faberand and O. S. Verheijen
Chapter eleven Glass Furnace NOx keep watch over with gasoline Reburn: the sphere try (pages 120–135): Richard Koppang, Antonio Marquez, David Moyeda, Michael Joshi, Patrick Mohr and Roger Madrazo
Chapter 12 checking out of Superstructure Refractories in a Gas?Oxy surroundings opposed to High?Alkali Glasses (pages 136–145): L. H. Kotacska and T. J. Cooper
Chapter thirteen collection of optimal Refractories for the Superstructure of Oxy?Fuel Glass Melting Furnaces (pages 146–163): Gerard Duvierre, Alain Zanoli, Yves Boussant?Roux and Mike Nelson
Chapter 14 Stabilizing Distressed Glass Furnace Melter Crowns (pages 164–179): Laura A. Lowe, John Wosinski and Gene Davis
Chapter 15 Refractory Corrosion habit below Air?Fuel and Oxy?Fuel Environments (pages 180–207): H. T. Godard, L. H. Kotacska, J. F. Wosinski, S. M. Winder, A. Gupta, okay. R. Selkregg and S. Gould
Chapter sixteen decision of hint Impurities in a Furnace surroundings at working Temperature (pages 208–215): Stephen S. C. Tong, John T. Brown and Lawrence H. Koiacska
Chapter 17 Molybdenum/Fused forged AZS fabric for severe components in Glass Melting Tanks (pages 216–224): M. Dunkl, A. Fantinel, G. Dinelli and R. Tognon
Chapter 18 Chromic Oxide Blocks to be used within the Glass box (pages 225–238): F. Gebhardt, G. Boymanns, E. Goerenz, H. Ebigt and G. Frohlich
Chapter 19 Low Emissions from Endport Furnaces (pages 239–250): T. J. Harper
Chapter 20 Regenerative Oxygen warmth restoration for stronger Oxy?Fuel Glass Melter potency (pages 251–265): Richard Browning and James Nabors
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Extra info for A Collection of Papers Presented at the 57th Conference on Glass Problems: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 18, Issue 1
The additional Reynolds stress terms resulting from Favre-averaging the conservation equations are obtained from the eddy viscosity, which is calculated by employing the standard K-E turbulence modeL3 Combustion The computer model is capable of predicting diffusion turbulent combustion. The reaction is described using a fast-kinetics, single-step process. Since the reaction rate is assumed to be limited by mixing and not chemical Ceram. Eng. Sci. , 18 [ll (1997) 31 Table I. Partial differential model equations h 5 I S@ 0 0 Equation X-momentum I Y-momentum Z-momentum I Enthalpy Mixture fraction -+'I -v C l P CJ ' 3 0 Of Mixture fraction varience ITurbulent I kinetic energy 1 Dissipation rate 32 Ceram.
The control volume method is used to obtain discretized versions of all the differential conservation equations. These discretized equations are solved using an iterative line-by-line technique. The Simpler algorithm2 is employed to treat the coupling between the continuity and momentum equations. The additional Reynolds stress terms resulting from Favre-averaging the conservation equations are obtained from the eddy viscosity, which is calculated by employing the standard K-E turbulence modeL3 Combustion The computer model is capable of predicting diffusion turbulent combustion.
Because a reliable measured glass load temperature was not available, the glass surface temperature was varied linearly between 1200 K at the inlet and 1400 K at the exhaust. Wall and roof overall heat transfer coefficients were estimated based on furnace material properties and ambient conditions. Except for setting the glass load temperature, the combustion space predictions were not otherwise coupled to the glass bath. Computer simulations of the IGT furnace were performed on an IBM RS/6000 3CT workstation with 124 MB of memory.
A Collection of Papers Presented at the 57th Conference on Glass Problems: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 18, Issue 1