AP U. S. History Flashcards by Stephen Armstrong PDF

By Stephen Armstrong

Skill-building flashcards that supply six hundred crucial AP phrases for simple memorization utilizing the benefit of on-the-go study

5 Steps to a five: AP U.S. background Flashcards good points six hundred key phrases that professional writer Stephen Armstrong has chosen as ones that regularly look on AP U.S. background assessments. this additional software raises your wisdom and is helping you in attaining as much as a greatest five rating. you currently have an extra solution to grasp the most important phrases which are the foundation of AP U.S. historical past luck, added in a structure that's handy on your lifestyle.


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Georgia • 1831 Supreme Court case in which the Cherokees claimed that Georgia had no right to enforce laws in Cherokee territory since the Cherokees were a sovereign nation • Chief Justice John Marshall ruled that the Cherokees were a “domestic dependent nation” and could not appeal in a federal court Removal Act of 1830 Removal Act of 1830 • Part of the effort to remove Native Americans from western lands to make way for American settlement • Authorized the president to buy all the Native American lands east of the Mississippi and to purchase new lands for the Native Americans west of the Mississippi Trail of Tears Trail of Tears • The forced march of 20,000 members of the Cherokee tribe to their newly designated “homeland” in Oklahoma • Federal troops forced the Cherokees westward in 1838, with 1 out of every 5 Native Americans dying from hunger, disease, or exhaustion along the way Second Great Awakening Second Great Awakening • Religious revival movement that began at the beginning of the 19th century • Revivalist ministers asked thousands of worshippers at revival meetings to save their own souls • Reflected the move away from predestination in American Protestantism Revival Meetings Revival Meetings • Religious meetings consisting of soul-searching, preaching, and prayer that took place during the Second Great Awakening at the beginning of the 19th century • Some revival meetings lasted more than a week Temperance Movement Temperance Movement • Movement that developed in America before the Civil War that lamented the effect that alcohol had on American society • After the Civil War, members of this movement became concerned about the effects of alcohol on the poor and immigrants • Out of this came a drive for prohibition Abolitionist Movement Abolitionist Movement • Movement dedicated to the abolition of slavery that existed primarily in the North in the years leading up to the Civil War • Had both white and black members The Liberator The Liberator • Radical abolitionist journal of William Lloyd Garrison that was first published in 1831 • Garrison and his journal presented the most extreme abolitionist views during the period leading up to the Civil War American Colonization Society American Colonization Society • This society, formed in 1817, stated that the best way to end the slavery problem was for blacks to emigrate to Africa • By 1822, a few blacks emigrated to Liberia • The organization’s views were later rejected by most abolitionists Democratic Party Democratic Party • Party born during the candidacy of Andrew Jackson • Originally drew its principles from Thomas Jefferson and advocated limited government • In modern times, most Democrats favor domestic programs that a larger, more powerful government allows Kitchen Cabinet Kitchen Cabinet • An informal group of advisors, with no official titles, on whom the president relies for advice • The most famous kitchen cabinet was that of Andrew Jackson, who met with several old political friends and two journalists for advice on many occasions Spoils System Spoils System • A patronage system in which an elected official is able to fill government jobs with political allies and former campaign workers • Andrew Jackson began the spoils system • Political reformers of the 1880s and 1890s introduced legislation calling for these jobs to be filled by a merit system Webster-Hayne Debate Webster-Hayne Debate • 1830 Senate debate between Daniel Webster of Massachusetts and Robert Hayne of South Carolina over the issue of states’ rights and nullification • Webster outlined the dangers that would be caused by the practice of nullification • This reflected regional political divisions Force Act Force Act • 1832 legislation that gave President Andrew Jackson the power to invade any state if that action was necessary to enforce federal law • The bill was in response to the nullification of federal tariff regulation by the legislature of South Carolina Bank War Bank War • The political battles surrounding the attempt by President Andrew Jackson to greatly reduce the power of the Second Bank of the United States • Jackson claimed that the bank was designed to serve special interests in America and not the common people Panic of 1837 Panic of 1837 • The American economy suffered a deep depression when Great Britain reduced the amount of credit it offered the United States • American merchants and industrialists had to use their available cash to pay off debts, causing businesses to cut production and lay off workers Whig Party Whig Party • A political party that arose in 1834 in opposition to President Andrew Jackson • Opposed Jackson’s great political power and his use of the spoils system • Favored an activist federal government, unlike the Democrats • Dissolved in the 1850s Monroe Doctrine Monroe Doctrine • President James Monroe’s 1823 statement that an attack by a European state on any nation in the Western Hemisphere would be considered an attack on the United States • Monroe’s statement was scoffed at by certain European political leaders, especially those in Great Britain Frederick Douglass Frederick Douglass • An ex-slave who became a leader of the abolitionist movement • His autobiographical Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass became a key text for those who opposed slavery • He edited an abolitionist newspaper and was active as a lecturer and organizer Andrew Jackson Andrew Jackson • The first president to come from the West • Achieved fame as a general, fighting the Creeks and winning the Battle of New Orleans in the War of 1812 • Founded the Democratic Party and was hailed as the champion of the common man John Marshall John Marshall • Served as chief justice of the Supreme Court from 1801 to 1835 • His ruling in Marbury v.

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History in preparation for the AP exam. S. History. If you need to find the location of a term, refer to the alphabetical list of terms. ) American Indian Movement American Liberty League American System Anaconda Copper Company Anaconda Plan Andrew Carnegie Andrew Jackson Anne Hutchinson Anthracite Coal Anti-Federalists Anti-Imperialist League Anti-Saloon League Appomattox Army Act Army-McCarthy Hearings Articles of Confederation Assembly Line Astrolabe Atlantic Charter Aztecs Baby Boom Ballinger-Pinchot Affair Bank War Bataan Death March Battle of Antietam Battle of Chancellorsville Battle of Chateau-Thierry Battle of Concord Battle of Dien Bien Phu Battle of Fredericksburg Battle of Gettysburg Battle of Guadalcanal Battle of Midway Battle of Saratoga Battle of Shiloh Battle of the Atlantic Battle of the Bulge Battle of the Coral Sea Battle of the Little Bighorn Battle of Trenton Battle of Vicksburg Battle of Yorktown Bay of Pigs Bear Flag Republic Beat Generation Belleau Wood Benjamin Franklin Berlin Airlift Berlin Wall Bessemer Steel Bicameral Legislature Bill of Rights Birth of a Nation Black Codes Black Nationalism Black Panthers Black Power “Black Tuesday” Blacklist “Bleeding Kansas” Bonanza Farms Bonus Army Booker T.

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AP U. S. History Flashcards by Stephen Armstrong

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