By Steven L. Donaldson, Daniel B. Miracle
ASM guide, quantity 21: Composites presents a complete, sensible, and trustworthy resource of technical wisdom, engineering information and assisting info for composite fabrics. This guide is meant to be a source quantity for nonspecialists who're attracted to gaining a pragmatic operating wisdom of the functions and purposes of composite fabrics. assurance emphasizes well-qualified and worthy details for fabrics that may be produced in amounts and product sorts of engineering value.
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Additional info for ASM Handbook Composites Volume 21
These desirable fiber properties can be converted to practical application when the fibers are embedded in a matrix that binds them together, transfers load to and between the fibers, and protects them from environments and handling. In addition, fiber-reinforced composites are ideally suited to anisotropic loading situations where weight is critical. The high strengths and moduli of these composites can be tailored to the high load direction(s), with little material wasted on needless reinforcement.
A. Stadtler (1969–1972) (Member 1962–1972) • R. H. J. Wright (1964–1965) (Member 1959–1967) Staff ASM International staff who contributed to the development of the Volume included Scott D. Henry, Project Editor; Charles Moosbrugger, Technical Editor; Gayle J. Anton, Editorial Assistant; Bonnie R. Sanders, Manager of Production; Nancy Hrivnak and Carol Terman, Copy Editors; Jill Kinson, Production Editor; and Kathryn Muldoon, Production Assistant. Editorial assistance was provided by Jill Brown, Kelly Ferjutz, Edward J.
A broad range of properties are available. Kevlar 149 (DuPont), for example, has a tensile modulus of 180 GPa (26 × 106 psi) and tensile strength of 3450 MPa (500 ksi). The more commonly used Kevlar 49 (DuPont) has a tensile modulus of 131 GPa (19 × 106 psi) and a tensile strength of 3620 MPa (525) ksi). Aramid fiber is unusual in that it is technically a thermoplastic polymer (like nylon), but rather than melting when heated, it decomposes before reaching its projected melting temperature. With polymerization, it forms rigid, rodlike molecules that cannot be drawn from a melt, as textile fiber molecules can, but must instead be spun from a liquid crystalline solution in sulfuric acid.
ASM Handbook Composites Volume 21 by Steven L. Donaldson, Daniel B. Miracle