By Michael Fitzgerald
Autism and Creativity is a stimulating research of male creativity and autism, arguing significant genetic endowment is a prerequisite of genius, and that cultural and environmental components are less important than has usually been claimed. Chapters at the prognosis and psychology of autism set the scene for an in depth exam of a few vital historic figures. For example:* within the Indian mathematician Ramanujan, the vintage features of Asperger's syndrome are proven to have coexisted with a unprecedented point of creativity* extra unexpectedly, from the fields of philosophy, politics and literature, scrutiny of Ludwig Wittgenstein, Sir Keith Joseph, Eamon de Valera, Lewis Carroll and William Butler Yeats unearths classical autistic beneficial properties. Autism and Creativity will end up interesting studying not just for pros and scholars within the box of autism and Asperger's syndrome, yet for an individual eager to know the way contributors offering autistic beneficial properties have on many events replaced the way in which we comprehend society.
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Extra resources for Autism and Creativity: Is There a Link between Autism in Men and Exceptional Ability?
Descriptions of autism 1980s to 1990s American Psychiatric Association DSM-III62 criteria for autism were too narrow and were excessively childhood oriented. They were revised and broadened, quite rightly, in 1987. Mesibov and colleagues63 have noted that Twachtman-Cullen identified the following difficulties with DSM-IV criteria for Asperger’s syndrome: 1 the DSM-IV definition uses the term ‘clinically significant general delay in language’, which is open to different interpretations Autism and creativity 26 2 the milestone of single words at age 2 years, used as an example of normal language development, actually represents a significant expressive language delay 3 use of communicative phrases at age 3 years involves not just saying a sequence of words but also communication, meaning the appropriate use of language for social purposes, which is very frequently not normal in youngsters with Asperger’s syndrome, even if they speak in phrases or sentences.
They have to be allowed extra time, therefore, to process social situations. I. They often have difficulties with hypothetical thinking and theoretical processing, especially in the social arena. 9 People with HFA/ASP find things easier to process than people. They have problems reading peoples’ ‘faces’. In terms of emotional intersubjectivity, Sigman and Capps10 summarise Hobson’s perspective as follows: innate impairment in the ability to perceive and respond to affect in others, and…problems with joint attention and empathy.
Originally Lorna Wing described autism as being on a continuum. ’84 Then Lorna Wing felt that ‘the autism spectrum’ was a better description, because: the essential features of [autism] were a triad of impairments of social interaction, communication and imagination, the last being replaced by a narrow range of interests or activities. These are familiar features appearing in virtually all sets of criteria. The essential point of the spectrum concept is that each of the elements of the triad could occur in widely varying degrees of severity and in many different mani-festations.
Autism and Creativity: Is There a Link between Autism in Men and Exceptional Ability? by Michael Fitzgerald