By Orit Sônia Waisman
This unique study applies semiotics to linguistic and non-linguistic segments in a textual content looking for power correlations among them. the consequent mapping is utilized to instances of gesture-word mismatches which are glaring in clash events. the present examine adopts the notice platforms procedure, a sign-based idea that's obviously designed for the research of linguistic symptoms, and extends it to non-linguistic devices, borrowing analytical instruments from the sector of dance circulation treatment. the range of interdisciplinary metaphorical and literal interpretations of the analyzed symptoms enriches the theoretical framework and allows exam of the circumstances of mismatches. consequently, this examine makes a significant contribution to the certainty of linguistic/non-linguistic mismatches in events of clash. extra, it makes extra basic claims: the semiotic approach underlying this research paves the way in which for additional study of correlations (or lack thereof) among more than a few phenomena slicing throughout sociology, sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics and political technology.
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Extra info for Body, Language and Meaning in Conflict Situations: A semiotic analysis of gesture-word mismatches in Israeli-Jewish and Arab discourse
19 20 Body, Language and Meaning in Conflict Situations combines verbal and non-verbal modalities, as it regards the total effect of both modalities synergetically, thus allowing for a third meaning to emerge from the two, one that is essentially different from the sum of each modality. Another important concept is the “mini-max” struggle, namely, the desire to achieve maximum communication with minimal effort, taking into account the different roles of encoders and decoders needed to produce efficient communication.
Those that were eventually included in the list were only mismatches that were clearly detectable. Thus, subtle hand movements, for instance, did not count as cases of mismatch. Furthermore, cases where the gesture mismatched a word other than a deictic were excluded. A total of 69 mismatches were discerned over the course of the workshop. There are two points worth noting concerning this number. First, when attempting to grasp the number of mismatches in relation to the vast number of hours examined, it is crucial to remember that, during a significant part of the discussion, speakers make relatively little use of their hands and other parts of their body.
These are only a few examples that illustrate that researchers of gesture tend to decide on their own system for non-verbal data presentation. In order to compose the Mismatch Form, I had to decide which non-verbal parameters are basic to human expression, such as rhythm and shape of movement, which are evidently part of all movement notations. So, the challenge I faced was how to represent properly the non-verbal aspects of the mismatch, which had to include at least one hand movement that navigated to or from specific parts of the speaker’s body or to the addressee’s body.
Body, Language and Meaning in Conflict Situations: A semiotic analysis of gesture-word mismatches in Israeli-Jewish and Arab discourse by Orit Sônia Waisman