By Jacqueline Mitton
This lavishly illustrated new dictionary written through an skilled author and advisor on astronomy offers a necessary advisor to the universe for beginner astronomers of every age. round 1300 conscientiously chosen and cross-referenced entries are complemented through enormous quantities of gorgeous color illustrations, taken from area missions, the Hubble house Telescope, and different significant observatories in the world and in area. distinctive stellar illustrator Wil Tirion has drawn 20 new celebrity maps particularly for inclusion the following. A myriad of named astronomical gadgets, constellations, observatories and area missions are defined intimately, in addition to biographical sketches for 70 of the main luminous members within the background of astronomy and house technological know-how. Acronyms and expert phrases are truly defined, making for the main thorough and thoroughly assembled reference source that academics and fanatics of astronomy will ever want.
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Measurements on the celestial sphere are angles given in degrees, or minutes and seconds of arc, and take no account of how far away the objects actually are. Centaurs A class of asteroids with orbits in the outer part of the solar system. Their orbits are within Neptune’s but they approach no closer to the Sun than Jupiter. They are easily perturbed when they pass close to one of the giant planets. Two well-known examples are ä Chiron and ä Pholus. Centaurus (The Centaur) A large southern constellation.
52] Carrington rotation number 400 light years and it lies at a distance of 8000 light years. It is a region of star formation containing a number of young star clusters. ää Keyhole Nebula. Carme A small outer moon of Jupiter, discovered in 1938 by Seth B. Nicholson. Its diameter is 46 km (29 miles). Carpo A small outer moon of Jupiter discovered in 2003. Its diameter is about 3 km (2 miles). Carrington rotation number A number that uniquely identifies each rotation of the Sun. The sequence began with rotation number one on November 9, 1853.
6-m (140-inch) telescope at the ä Mauna Kea Observatories in Hawaii. It was commissioned in 1979 and is used for both optical and infrared observations. canals Imagined linear features ä Percival Lowell and others claimed to see on Mars. In the nineteenth century, the Italian astronomers Angelo Secchi and Giovanni Schiaparelli used the word canale, meaning ‘‘channel,’’ to describe linear features they thought they could see on Mars. ’’ Percival Lowell was excited by these reports and built an observatory at Flagstaff, Arizona, with the main purpose of observing Mars.
Cambridge Illustrated Dictionary of Astronomy by Jacqueline Mitton