By Quentin Wodon
This quantity presents a suite of six case reviews from West Africa. those examine the advantages of progress (or the prices of a scarcity of development) by way of poverty aid in these nations. the 1st a part of this e-book describes the adventure of 2 international locations (Ghana and Senegal) that completed excessive degrees of development within the Nineties, and that still skilled vital savings in poverty, even if development used to be now not strictly pro-poor. the second one half describes the event of 2 different international locations (Burkina Faso and Cape Verde) that still accomplished excessive degrees of progress within the Nineteen Nineties, yet the place there has been an preliminary belief that progress didn't result in a lot poverty aid. The extra designated research of poverty provided the following indicates even if that those nations did witness a pointy relief of their inhabitants percentage in poverty, as could were anticipated given their progress checklist. ultimately, within the 3rd half, the authors argue loss of development within the Nineties in Guinea-Bissau and Nigeria has been a key cause of their many times excessive degrees of poverty. total, the case stories make a robust case for the confident impression of progress on poverty aid in West Africa. notwithstanding, in addition they element to the necessity to pay shut recognition to adjustments in inequality, simply because such alterations have constrained the profits from development for the terrible in numerous of the nations thought of right here.
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Additional resources for Growth And Poverty Reduction: Case Studies from West Africa (World Bank Working Papers)
If this is borne out by the micro data (the sectoral aggregates of course do not provide information about distributional patterns within these groups) then this is also likely to suggest important geographic dimensions to changes in living conditions, with potentially little beneﬁt in the north. Reduced government spending on health strongly suggests likely adverse effects in terms of the use of, or quality of, health facilities, so it will be important to see to what extent individual consultation behaviour has changed over this period.
14). In both years those in households whose main economic activity was formal sector (public or private) wage employment obtained around three quarters of their income from wages, with the remainder of their income mainly derived from non-farm, self-employment activities or agriculture. More detailed analysis (not presented here) shows that urban households in these categories obtain an even higher proportion of their income from wages. Those in households whose main activity is informal wage employment obtain lower proportions of their income from wages, presumably reﬂecting lower average wages and/or greater job insecurity associated with this activity.
This seems to reﬂect in particular good agricultural performance and increases in remittance income there, both of which were experienced much less in the other two ecological zones. 14). In both years those in households whose main economic activity was formal sector (public or private) wage employment obtained around three quarters of their income from wages, with the remainder of their income mainly derived from non-farm, self-employment activities or agriculture. More detailed analysis (not presented here) shows that urban households in these categories obtain an even higher proportion of their income from wages.
Growth And Poverty Reduction: Case Studies from West Africa (World Bank Working Papers) by Quentin Wodon