By A.I. Sabra
Working in the course of the articles during this quantity is the subject of the appropriation and next naturalization of Greek technology by means of students on the earth of medieval Islam. the outlet paper offers the historiography of this strategy, and the focal point is then put on Ibn al-Haytham, some of the most unique and influential figures of the eleventh century, and specifically in his contribution to the technological know-how of optics, either mathematical and experimental, and the psychology of imaginative and prescient. Professor Sabra then maintains the research of ways Greek proposal was once built within the Islamic global with reports of labor in accordance with Euclid’s geometry and on evaluations of Ptolemaic astronomy. the ultimate articles flip in particular to questions within the historical past of common sense - Aristotelian syllogism, and Avicenna’s perspectives at the topic - subject of good judgment.
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Working in the course of the articles during this quantity is the subject matter of the appropriation and next naturalization of Greek technology by means of students on the planet of medieval Islam. the hole paper provides the historiography of this method, and the focal point is then put on Ibn al-Haytham, some of the most unique and influential figures of the eleventh century, and specifically in his contribution to the technological know-how of optics, either mathematical and experimental, and the psychology of imaginative and prescient.
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Extra info for Optics, Astronomy and Logic: Studies in Arabic Science and Philosophy
See Max Erause, ’’Stam buler H andschriften islamischer M atheniatiker. " Q u e lle n u n d S tu d ie n zur G esch ich te d e r M a th e. d s t r o n o r n i e u n d P l i y s i k , B (Studien). 1936. 9: 448-449. '•>T h is MS is one of the earliest and best of th e O p t i c s D e a s p e c t i b u s , and it also contains th e L d c . Acadeinv of America. Apparatus,” S t u d i e s i n t h e H i s t o r y a n d M e t h o d o f S c i e n c e , ed. Charles Singer (Oxford; Clarendon Press, 1921), Vol.
7 ; see also p . 209. (®) T h e in tro d u c tio n to th e E s c o r ia l M S . 927 s t a te s t h a t th e ' Z i j o f P t o l e m y ’ w a s to be THE PHYSICAL AND THE MATHEMATICAL IN IBN AL-HAYTHAM’ S THEORY OF LIGHT AND VISION [Reproduced, with corrections and updated references, from The C om m em oration volu m e o f BfriJnT International Congress, published by the High Council of Culture and Arts, Tehran, 1976, pp. 439-78. Originally delivered at the International Conference on History and Philosophy of Science, Jyvaskyla, Finland, 1973.
P. 279. 33 Dr. Schramm w rites: “Dass d ie Schrift, die bisher nu r in der latein ischen V^ersion des G er hard von Crem ona als Liber d e crepusculis et nu bium ascensionibus' bekannt ist, auch im 3. $chriftenverzeichnis nicht auftritt, spricht aus diesem G rund keineswegs gegen die Echtheit; auch sonst stim m t der Stil der ganzen Abh a n d lu n g aufs beste m it dem von Ibn alHaVtham bekannten ueberein” (op. , pp. 2 7 ^ 2 7 9 ). T h is decision allow s Dr. Schramm to argue against the view (put forward by A.
Optics, Astronomy and Logic: Studies in Arabic Science and Philosophy by A.I. Sabra