By Gabriella Lazaridis, Khursheed Wadia
Seeing that 9-11 Western states have sought to combine 'securitisation' measures inside of migration regimes as asylum seekers and different migrant different types become obvious as brokers of social instability or as strength terrorists. Treating migration as a safety risk has for that reason elevated lack of confidence among migrant and ethnic minority populations.
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Additional info for The Securitisation of Migration in the EU: Debates Since 9/11
For example, practices of externalised control that are developed in order to prevent entrance to the European Union can be understood as producing ‘illegal migrants’ deemed as culpable of crossing borders without authorisation (Squire 2009: 93–115). Similarly, I have argued that pressures on housing and services are often provoked through the ways in which policies such as dispersal are put into practice (Squire 2009: 116–141). Other scholars have pointed to the problems or insecurities associated with smuggling and trafficking as provoked by state policies that create certain migrants as vulnerable in the first place (for example, on the migration of sex workers to European Union, see Andrijasevic 2010).
Indeed, it could be argued that ‘managed migration’ has never been simply a project of liberalisation, but rather it rests on the opening of migration routes (such as those within the European Union) as conditional on the closure of others (such as non-European Union routes). Similarly, it can be argued that the acceptance of some migrants (such as the highly skilled) is conditional on the refusal of others (such as asylum seekers) (see Squire 2009). Going further, scholars of critical security studies often challenge the distinction between liberalisation and securitisation that is so central to 32 Vicki Squire a liberal perspective.
For now, however, it is worthwhile reflecting on the broader academic context within which her intervention is situated. In particular, this chapter will emphasise the significance of a series of differences, which arguably suggest an entrenched divide between scholars of migration policy and critical security studies scholars. This divide can be understood primarily as reflecting the different emphasis or focus of each body of literature, which also reflects a different political orientation and a different account of what serves as an important The Securitisation of Migration 21 analytical intervention in the related fields of migration and/or border studies.
The Securitisation of Migration in the EU: Debates Since 9/11 by Gabriella Lazaridis, Khursheed Wadia